Good manufacturing practices (GMP) are principles applied by manufacturing companied in order to meet guidelines of regulatory agencies in charge of authorizing and licensing the production and distribution of food and pharmaceutical products.
Modular Cleanroom Benefits
- Modular Construction
- Quick Assembly Time
- Airflow Control
- Inexpensive Modifications
According to the Pharmaceutical Inspection Convention and Pharmaceutical Inspection Co-operation Scheme (PIC/S), manufacturing spaces for sterile medicinal products are classified into four grades, A, B, C and D. High risk manufacturing processes take place in the Grade A zones, with C and D zones for non-critical stages in the manufacturing process. Cleanrooms and cleanzones used for each grade must comply with ISO 14644 standards, with particle concentration classified according to ISO 14644-1.
|Grade||Maximum permitted number of particles/m³ equal to or greater than the tabulated size|
|At rest||In operation|
|D||3,520,000||29,000||not defined||not defined|
Manufacturers make use of a quality management system (QMS) to support proper GMP procedures. ISO 9001 is the QMS often referred to by organizations, and manufacturers observe GMP alongside ISO regulations. QMS enables the manufacturer enhance the product quality with streamlined procedures and proper business management.
Cleanroom Design, Build & Validation
- Budgeting and planning
- Engineering, design & layout
- Airflow and filtration design
- Construction and Installation
- Full Certification of our product
- Industry-specific equipment installation
Modular Cleanroom Services
- Design & Build
- Free Site Survey
- Free Design Service
- Cleanroom Planning
- Construction and Installation
- CNC Engineered
- Training & Support
- Discounted Service Contracts
- Remedial Works
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- BMS Management
- Cleanroom Certification
- Differential Pressure Qualification
- Servicing Testing Validation
- Smoke Testing
- DOP Testing
The inspection Action Group advises the MHRA on recommendations for regulatory action. There are two IAG groups, and GMP regulations are covered by IAG1. To ensure that producers and distributors conform to GMP regulations, the IAG performs periodical inspections, including inspections for manufacturers applying for new licenses.
IAG visits production sites within the country, as well as foreign sites which import products into the country. Once an organization is notified of an inspection, a GMP compliance report must be completed before the arrival of the inspector.
- ISO 4-9
- ISO 14644
- Low Power Consumption
- Environmentally Friendly
- HEPA Filters
- Air Filtration
- Fan Filter Units
- Cleanroom Ceiling System
- Temperature Control
- Access Control
- Inter Lock Door Systems
- Air Showers
- Unidirectional Airflow
- Desiccator Cabinets
- Horizontal Flow Wall Modules
- Horizontal Laminar Flow Clean Benches
- Laminar flow cabinets
- Laminar Flow Canopy
Types of inspections
Inspections under the risk based compliance program
GMP regulators inspect production facilities and give scored based on organization compliance, information concerning past inspections, and organizational changes. Manufacturers are usually informed of a pending inspection, though surprise visits do occur. Score given during these types of inspections cannot be appealed against. Compliance inspections are carried out for the regulatory agency by GMP operations managers, professional GMP inspectors, or members of the compliance management team.
Product-related GMP inspection
These are conducted by the HMRA for agencies that wish to obtain marketing licenses in the UK. A GMP inspection is carried out to ensure that manufacturers comply with all GMP regulations. Inspections can also be requested by the European Medicines Agency for products to be marketed in the European Union member states. Other EU countries are also entitled to conduct GMP tests for products entering their markets, and the UK can conduct inspections for foreign products entering the country.
There are many cases where an inspection is carried out without prior notice. These are called triggered inspections, and are done when there are suspicions about a manufacturer or distributor. When claims are made about a manufacturers, either by whistleblowers, HRMA members or members of another regulatory agency, an inspection will be conducted to determine whether GMP and GDP rules are being complied with. Suspected manufacturers do not receive any prior inspection notice.
The Inspection Process
The inspection team will interview relevant workers, go through the organizations documents and visit the production and distribution sites. When visiting sites, they examine the processes and facilities the organizations uses in manufacturing and distributing products. They also look out for: areas for manufacturing, quality control labs, depots and other storage houses, temperature monitoring systems, returns areas, purchasing and sales functions, transportation facilities, extra records, samples for testing. The inspector gives pointers and informs flaws to the organization and gives terms for making corrections.
Once the inspection is complete, a report is written and the deficiencies found are reported. There are 3 different levels of the deficiencies:
Critical Deficiency; A critical deficiency signals that the production process of a product poses dangers to humans or animal. It is also flags down the production and distribution of counterfeit products. A critical deficiency grade must be addressed quickly to avoid closure of the affected manufacturing site.
Major deficiency: this occurs when a product deviates from the specifications submitted by the manufacturer during licensing.
It also signals a variation in the good manufacturing practice, or even the terms and conditions detailed on the manufacturing and wholesale license. A major deficiency is often as a result of an organizational breakdown, where the relevant personnel fail to carry out their legal obligations.
Other: This is a deficiency that doesn’t have enough information to be classified under major or critical deficiency. It does however indicate that there is nonconformity with GPD or GMP rules.
Once an inspection is over, a post inspection letter is drawn up stating the inspection results and deficiencies found. The organization has to respond with the assurance that the necessary adjustments will be made, giving a timeline during which said changes will the made. The inspector assesses the response and accepts or rejects the details given. If the response is accepted, the organization will receive their GMP or GDP certificate alongside the inspection report. However, if the organization’s response is rejected, another report must be written with better terms for compliance.
Manufacturers and distributors that fail GMP and GDP inspections and neglect to take required action are at risk of further frequent inspections, suspension or loss of license, and closure of production sites.
Compliance Escalation Process
A compliance escalation process is done to boost organization compliances and to help them avoid regulatory action. The compliance management team will provide guidelines explaining the close surveillance of compliance work in the inspection process. Then a meeting is set up with the company’s management to state the aftereffect of their actions if they continue with the non-compliance.
As soon as the compliance escalation process is done, the organization will be able to resume the normal routine risk-based inspection program. However, regulatory action may be taken on the company if they fail to make the essential enhancements.
Total Clean Air for Guaranteed GMP Compliance
At Total Clean Air we observe all GMP regulations with emphasis on compliance with both UK and EU rules. Our cleanrooms are regularly inspected according to both GMP and ISO standards. Our operations personnel are well-trained in good manufacturing practices, ensuring all cleanroom grades are consistent with properties outlined by regulatory agencies such as the HRMA and the EMA.
We also offer GMP training for organizations using our cleanrooms for pharmaceutical manufacturing. We ensure our facilities are in perfect condition for the production of quality goods. We employ a standard operating procedure designed to run our cleanrooms efficiently, maintaining operational excellence and reducing interruptions. The rooms, tools, operating personnel and procedures are closely monitored to prevent contamination. Proper cleaning and maintenance practices are also key to maintaining the contamination-free cleanrooms and cleanzones required for the production of food, cosmetics and pharmaceutical products.
Air handling requirements, including HVAC and air filtration systems, are properly maintained and kept up-to-date. All electrical installations and furnishings are also properly installed and maintained to reduce the risk of contamination.
Contact us to learn more about our cleanrooms and cleanzones in the UK. With our mastery of GMP and ISO standards, we assure all our clients of exceptional service. With our operations personnel, all cleanrooms are operated and maintained according to the proper guidelines.